TOEFL TEST PREPARATION KIT PDF

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Test Prep. PLANNER. An eight-week plan to prepare for the TOEFL iBT . That's the purpose of this TOEFL Test Prep Planner—to help you understand how to. Ets Toefl Preparation Kit Workbook. Julia Peres. Practice Test A – Listening (Part A) 1. 6. (A) Go to the movies with the man. (A) Turn down the volume. (B) Take. [PDF] DOWNLOAD Toefl Test Preparation Kit by Educational Testing Service [ PDF] DOWNLOAD Toefl Test Preparation Kit Epub [PDF].


Toefl Test Preparation Kit Pdf

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г., страниц. Before you begin to prepare to take the TOEFL test, you should remember one very important fact about learning a foreign language it. Ets Toefl Preparation Kit brozokpulepsmen.ml - brozokpulepsmen.ml brozokpulepsmen.ml Views. 4 years ago. Medium, · Passage, · Species, · Refers, · Author, · Inferred, · Population. If you are studying seriously for the TOEFL, and you need to make a large improvement, Official TOEFL iBT Tests is a fantastic supplement to another book or.

C Office supplies are taking up space. D Some teaching assistants don't have desks. A Mating habits or squid and octopus. B The evolution of certain forms of sea life. C The study of marine shells. D Survival skills of sea creatures. A To chat with Jack socially. B To get help in the course. C To hand in their assignments. D To practice giving interviews. A He didn't understand the lecture. B He wants to borrow her notes next week.

C He needs help with a makeup exam. D He was sick and unable to attend. A Give Jack a different office. B Complain to the department head. C Move the supplies to the storage room. D Try to get a room to use for meetings. A They'd have to get permission. B Jack wouldn't like it.

C She thinks it might work. D The other assistants should be consulted. A Some sea creatures developed vertebrae. B The first giant squid was captured. C Some sea creatures shed their shells.

D Sea life became more intelligent. A She has always believed they exist. B She heard about them in New Zealand. C Stories about them may be based on giant squid. D The instructor mentioned them in the lecture. A To explain a new requirement for graduation. B To interest students in a community service project. C To discuss the problems of elementary school students. D To recruit elementary school teachers for a special program.

A To Find jobs for graduating students. B To help education majors prepare for final exams. C To offer tutorials to elementary school students. D To provide funding for a community service project. A He advises students participating in a special program.

B He teaches part-time in an elementary school. C He observes elementary school students in the classroom. D He helps students prepare their resumes. A Contact the elementary school. B Sign up for a special class. C Submit a resume to the dean. D Talk to Professor Dodge.

A To prepare students for the next reading assignment. B To provide background information for a class discussion.

C To review material from a previous lesson. D To prepare for a quiz on chapter six. A Insurance companies. B Sailors. C Manufacturers. D Merchants. A The distance the merchandise had to be shipped. B The number of insurance companies available at the time. C The amount of danger involved in shipping the goods. D The type of vessel used to transport the goods.

A Only four types of policies still exist today. B They are cheaper than the ones in the Middle Ages. C They include features similar to earlier policies. D The interest rates are based on early methods of calculation. A The oxygen level in the water.

B The angle of the treadmill. C The weights on the divers. D The temperature of the water. A They look short, quick steps. B They were pulled off of the treadmill. C They lost their balance. D They look longer, coordinated steps. A Walking on Mars will be easier than walking on the Moon.

B There is more gravity on the Moon than on Mars. C Walking quickly will be difficult on Mars. D Astronauts on Mars will require more oxygen than will astronauts on the Moon. A Martian suits will have larger air tanks. B Martian suits will be equipped with special weights. C Martian suits will be more flexible. D Martian suits will be less durable. I can manage. They're empty.

What does the woman mean? What does the man imply? This is Mark Smith. I'm calling lo see if my blood test results are in. Miller just sent them to the lab last night, so the earliest they could be back is tomorrow. Someone said you lived there. I've got a test tomorrow! What will the woman probably do? I don't understand the problem.

You've known for months this report was due today. The data was harder to interpret than I thought it would be. I can't wail till Debbie gets back. What does the woman suggest the man do? Would you say it's still all right to eat? Oh, if I were you. I wouldn't even think of it.

And I know Frank's decided to take the early flight. What does the woman imply? But my mother just happened to be watching at home and gave me a call. What does the man mean? It was even too hot to go to the pool yesterday. What problem does the woman think the man may have? What can be inferred about the man? Could Dr. Jones see me on Tuesday morning instead of Tuesday afternoon? Let's see. I've practically spent my entire budget for the semester. I think there' re a few openings left in the evening.

Let's stop for dinner. And let's find a motel, too — instead of continuing on, we can get an early start tomorrow. What will the speakers probably do? There're supposed to be thirteen sections of it this semester. Did any of my coffee just spill on you? Is that all you have to say? Must have gotten caught on that nail.

Have you checked the sales rack in the back? There were still a few there yesterday. It looks like it'll take us about six hours to drive from here to Chicago. But, I guess we should watch our expenses. I'd been wanting to get in better shape. Seems like all your hard work has paid off.

If only we'd gone to the beach instead. This morning I found orange juice spilled all over the kitchen floor. He's only four. I heard your field hockey team is going to the mid-Atlantic championships! What will the woman probably do this afternoon? What is the problem?

Listen to a conversation between two teaching assistants. Oh, hi. What's up? I've been meaning lo talk to you about the situation in the office.

I'm not in there very often. It's so noisy that I can't work. That's exactly what I'm getting at. We're supposed to be able to do our preparation and marking in that office, but have you noticed? Jack constantly has students coming in to get help with his course. A lot of people are going in and out.

Has anybody spoken to him about it? No, of course not. But I'm not able to do my work and neither are you. I imagine it's the same for the others in the office. Hmmm, could we ask for a kind of meeting room? When TA's have to talk with a student, they could go to the meeting room and not use the office. You know, there's a room down the hall, a rather small room that we could ask to use.

It's only for storing supplies. You mean that little storage room? Oh, that would be too small. Are you sure? With the cabinets taken out it might be bigger than it looks.

Come to think of it, you may be on to something. I'd like to have a look at that room. Can we go there now?

Let's go. What problem at the office are Cathy and Stan discussing? Why do Jack's students come to see him? What does Stan suggest they do? What does Cathy say about Stan's suggestion? Questions 35 through Listen to a conversation between two students. No problem. I thought you might want to go over it together.

And, anyway, it helps me review. Hope you're feeling better now. So, you said. Sounds a little strange. Well, actually, it was about the evolution of sea life — a continuation from last week. The octopus and the squid descended from earlier creatures with shells. They survived by shedding their shells — somewhere between and million years ago.

That's a pretty long span of time. I know. That's what she said though. To be precise: "Exactly when they emerged is uncertain Can you imagine something that big if it still had a shell?

Actually, it's because they lost their shells that they could evolve to a bigger size. Makes sense. But some are really huge. I've read about fishermen that caught squid that weighed over a ton. Did she talk about how that happens? Not really. But she did mention some unusual cases. In in New Zealand they caught a squid Its eyes were eighteen inches across.

Can you imagine? Reminds me of all those stories of sea monsters. Simpson thinks there are probably even larger ones that haven't been found because squid are intelligent and fast — so they can easily get away from humans. Maybe some of those monster stories are true. What topic are the man and woman discussing?

Why docs the man need to talk to the woman about the class? According to the woman what happened to million years ago? What does the woman imply about sea monsters? Listen to a talk given by the dean of the School of Education. We encourage all students to volunteer for at least one community activity before they graduate. A new community program called "One On One" helps elementary students who've fallen behind.

You education majors might be especially interested in it because it offers the opportunity to do some teaching — that is, tutoring in math and English.

You'd have to volunteer two hours a week for one semester. You can choose to help a child with math, English, or both. Half-hour lessons are fine, so you could do a half hour of each subject two days a week. Professor Dodge will act as a mentor lo the tutors — he'll be available to help you with lesson plans or to offer suggestions for activities. He has office hours every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon. You can sign up for the program with him and begin the tutoring next week. I'm sure you'll enjoy this community service… and you'll gain valuable experience at the same time.

It looks good on your resume, too—showing that you've had experience with children and that you care about your community. If you'd like to sign up, or if you have any questions, stop by Professor Dodge's office this week. What is the purpose of the talk? What is the purpose of the program the dean describes? What does Professor Dodge do? What should students interested in the tutorials do?

Questions 43 through Listen to an instructor in a business class. But, before we start.

Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir of a Family and Culture in Crisis

I'd like to mention a few things your text doesn't go into. It's interesting to note that insurance has existed in some form for a very long time. The earliest insurance policies were what were called bottomry contracts. They provided shipping protection for merchants as far back as B. In general, the contracts were often no more than verbal agreements. They granted loans to merchants with the understanding that if a particular shipment of goods was lost at sea, the loan didn't have to be repaid.

Interest on the loans varied according to how risky it was to transport the goods.

During periods of heavy piracy at sea, for example, the amount of interest and the cost of the policy went up considerably. So, you can see how insurance helped encourage international trade. Even the most cautious merchants became willing to risk shipping their goods over long distances — not to mention in hazardous weather conditions — when they had this kind of protection available.

Generally speaking, the basic form of an insurance policy has been pretty much the same since the Middle Ages. There are four points that were salient then and remain paramount in all policies today.

These were outlined in chapter six and will serve as the basis for the rest of today's discussion. Can anyone tell me what one of those points might be? What is the purpose of the instructor's talk? Who were the first insurance contracts designed to protect? What does the instructor say determined the cost of early insurance policies? What does the instructor say about current insurance policies? Questions 47 through Listen to a talk on the radio about a research project. For four years Newman observed scuba divers as they simulated walking on the Moon and on Mars on her underwater moving belt.

She wanted to discover how the gravity of the Moon and of Mars would affect human movement. To do this, Newman attached weights to the divers and then lowered them into the lank and onto the treadmill. These weights were carefully adjusted so that the divers could experience the underwater gravity of the Moon and of Mars as they walked on the treadmill.

Newman concluded that walking on Mars will probably be easier than walking on the Moon. The Moon has less gravity than Mars does, so at lunar gravity, the divers struggled to keep their balance and walked awkwardly. But at Martian gravity, the divers had greater traction and stability and could easily adjust to a pace of 1.

As Newman gradually increased the speed of the treadmill, the divers took longer, graceful strides until they comfortably settled into an even quicker pace.

Newman also noted that at Martian gravity, the divers needed less oxygen. The data Newman collected will help in the future design of Martian space suits. Compared to lunar space suits, Martian space suits will require smaller air tanks; and to allow for freer movement, the elbow and knee areas of the space suits will also be altered.

What did Newman change so that the divers could experience different gravity levels? Why will Martian space suits be designed differently from lunar space suits? What happened to the divers at Martian gravity when the speed of the treadmill was increased? What is one way that the design of Martian space suits will differ from lunar space suits?

Practice Test A - Structure 1. A which B where C that D has 2. A than sound waves do B than sound waves are C do sound waves D sound waves 3. A the most are important B are the most important C the most important are D that are the most important 4.

A the possible reproduction B possible to reproduce C the possibility of reproducing D possibly reproduce 6. A form biological species B biological species are formed C which forming biological species D the formation of biological species 8. A when combined physically or chemically B combined when physically or chemically C the physical and chemical combination D it is combined physically and chemically 9. A was flourished B having to flourished C to have flourished D have flourished A will B that C and when to D so they could A may have a person B may have a person who C a person may have D and a person may have A were unparalleled B are unparalleled C unparalleled D the unparalleled Franklin D.

A as the first President he understood fully B the first President that, to fully understand C the first President fully understand D the first President to understand fully The firstly naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought off the coast of Machias, Maine, in June The public ceremonies of the Plains Indians are lesser elaborate than those of the Navajo in the Southwest.

In some species of fish, such the three-spined stickleback, the male, not the female, performs the task of caring for the young. When she retires in September , tennis champion Christine Evert was the most famous woman athlete in the United States. The ancient Romans used vessels equipped with sails and banks of oars to transporting their armies.

Dinosaurs are traditionally classified as cold-blooded reptiles, but recent evidence based on eating habits, posture, and skeletal structural suggests some may have been warm-blooded. Zoos in New Orleans, San Diego, Detroit, and the Bronx have become biological parks where animals roams free and people watch from across a moat.

In human beings, as in other mammals, hairs around the eyes are ears and in the nose prevent dust, insects, and other matter from entering these organs. The works of the author Herman Melville are literary creations of a high order, blending fact, fiction, adventure, and subtle symbolic. Each chemical element is characterized to the number of protons that an atom of that element contains, called its atomic number.

The body structure that developed in birds over millions of years is well designed for flight, being both lightly in weight and remarkably strong. From to , American novelist Edith Wharton was at the height of her writing career, publishing of her three most famous novels.

In the early twentieth century, there was considerable interesting among sociologists in the fact that in the United States the family was losing its traditional roles. Although pure diamond is colorless and transparent, when contaminated with other material it may appear in various color, ranging from pastels to opaque black.

Comparative anatomy is concerned to the structural differences among animal forms. A seismograph records oscillation of the ground caused by seismic waves, vibrations that travel from its point of origin through the Earth or along its surface. Located in Canada, the Columbia Icefield covers area of square miles and is 3, feet thick in some places. Because of its vast tracts of virtually uninhabited northern forest, Canada has one of the lowest population density in the world.

The very tools that the first New England furniture makers used were, after all, not much different from those used for centuries — even millennia: basic hammers, saws, chisels, planes, augers, compasses, and measures. These were the tools used more or less by all people who worked with wood: carpenters, barrel makers, and shipwrights.

At most the furniture makers might have had planes with special edges or more delicate chisels, but there could not have been much specialization in the early years of the colonies. This kind of construction was used for making everything from houses to chests.

Relatively little hardware was used during this period. Some nails — forged by hand — were used, but no screws or glue. Hinges were often made of leather, but metal hinges were also used. The cruder varieties were made by blacksmiths in the colonies, but the finer metal elements were imported. Locks and escutcheon plates — the latter to shield the wood from the metal key — would often be imported.

Ets Toefl Preparation Kit Workbook.pdf

Above all, what the early English colonists imported was their knowledge of, familiarity with, and dedication to the traditional types and designs of furniture they knew in England. The relationship of a mortise and a tenon is most similar to that of A a lock and a key B a book and its cover C a cup and a saucer D a hammer and a nail 7.

Which of the following were NOT used in the construction of colonial furniture? The author implies that the colonial joiners A were highly paid B based their furniture on English models C used many specialized tools D had to adjust to using new kinds of wood in New England 6. The author implies that colonial metalworkers were A unable to make elaborate parts B more skilled than woodworkers C more conservative than other colonists D frequently employed by joiners Which of the following terms does the author explain in the passage?

The establishment of these posts opened new roads and provided for the protection of daring adventurers and expeditions as well as established settlers. Forts also served as bases where enterprising entrepreneurs could bring commerce to the West, providing supplies and refreshments to soldiers as well as to pioneers. Posts like Fort Laramie provided supplies for wagon trains traveling the natural highways toward new frontiers. Some posts became stations for the pony express; still others, such as Fort Davis, were stagecoach stops for weary travelers.

All of these functions, of course, suggest that the contributions of the forts to the civilization and development of the West extended beyond patrol duty. Through the establishment of military posts, yet other contributions were made to the development of western culture. Many posts maintained libraries or reading rooms, and some — for example, Fort Davis — had schools. Post chapels provided a setting for religious services and weddings.

Throughout the wilderness, post bands provided entertainment and boosted morale. During the last part of the nineteenth century, to reduce expenses, gardening was encouraged at the forts, thus making experimental agriculture another activity of the military. The military stationed at the various forts also played a role in civilian life by assisting in maintaining order, and civilian officials often called on the army for protection.

Certainly, among other significant contributions the army made to the improvement of the conditions of life was the investigation of the relationships among health, climate, and architecture. From the earliest colonial times throughout the nineteenth century, disease ranked as the foremost problem in defense. It slowed construction of forts and inhibited their military functions. Official documents from many regions contained innumerable reports of sickness that virtually incapacitated entire garrisons.

In response to the problems, detailed observations of architecture and climate and their relationships to the frequency of the occurrence of various diseases were recorded at various posts across the nation by military surgeons. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage? A By the nineteenth century, forts were no longer used by the military. B Surgeons at forts could not prevent outbreaks of disease. C Forts were important to the development of the American West D Life in nineteenth-century forts was very rough.

Which of the following is the most likely inference about the decision to promote gardening at forts? A It was expensive to import produce from far away. B Food brought in from outside was often spoiled C Gardening was a way to occupy otherwise idle soldiers.

D The soil near the forts was very fertile. According to the passage, which of the following posed the biggest obstacle to the development of military forts? How did the military assists in the investigation of health problems? The author organizes the discussion of forts by A describing their locations B comparing their sizes C explaining their damage to the environment D listing their contributions to western life Question 21 — 30 Line 5 10 15 20 25 Anyone who has handled a fossilized bone knows that it is usually not exactly like its modern counterpart, the most obvious difference being that it is often much heavier.

The implication is that bone, and other tissues, have somehow been turned into stone, and this is certainly the explanation given in some texts. But it is wrong interpretation; fossils are frequently so dense because the pores and other spaces in the bone have become filled with minerals taken up from the surrounding sediments. Some fossil bones have all the interstitial spaces filled with foreign minerals, including the marrow cavity, if there is one, while others have taken up but little from their surroundings.

Probably all of the minerals deposited within the bone have been recrystallized from solution by the action of water percolating thru them. The degree of mineralization appears to be determined by the nature of the environment in which the bone was deposited and not by the antiquity of the bone. For example, the black fossil bones that are so common in many parts of Florida are heavily mineralized, but they are only about 20, years old, whereas many of the dinosaur bones from western Canada, which are about 75 million years old, are only partially filled in.

Under optimum conditions the process of mineralization probably takes thousands rather than millions of years, perhaps considerably less. The amount of change that has occurred in fossil bone, even in bone as old as that of dinosaurs, is often remarkably small. We are therefore usually able to see the microscopic structures of the bone, including such fine details as the lacunae where the living bone cells once resided. The natural bone mineral, the hydroxyapatite, is virtually unaltered too — it has the same crystal structure as that of modern bone.

Although nothing remains of the original collagen, some of its component amino acids are usually still detectable, together with amino acids of the noncollagen proteins of bone. What does the passage mainly discuss? Why is fossilized bone heavier than ordinary bone? A Bone tissue solidifies with age. B The marrow cavity gradually fills with water C The organic materials turn to stone D Spaces within the bone fill with minerals.

What can be inferred about a fossil with a high degree of mineralization? A It was exposed to large amounts of mineral-laden water throughout time. C Many colorful crystals can be found in such a fossil. D It was discovered in western Canada. Which of the following factors is most important in determining the extent of mineralization in fossil bones? D The type of animal the bone came from Why does the author compare fossils found in western Canada to those found in Florida?

B To discuss the large quantity of fossils found in both places C To suggest that fossils found in both places were the same age. D To explain why scientists are especially interested in Canadian fossils Which of the following does NOT survive in fossils? A Noncollagen proteins B Hydroxyapatite C Collagen D Amino acid Question 31 — 40 Line 5 10 15 20 25 In the last third of the nineteenth century a new housing form was quietly being developed.

Each man had lived in Paris, and each understood the economics and social potential of this Parisian housing form. But the Stuyvesant was at best a limited success. Those who could afford them were quite content to remain in the more sumptuous, single-family homes, leaving the Stuyvesant to young married couples and bachelors.

That lot was a rectangular area 25 feet wide by feet deep — a shape perfectly suited for a row house. The lot could also accommodate a rectangular tenement, though it could not yield the square, well-lighted, and logically arranged rooms that great apartment buildings require.

But even with the awkward interior configurations of the early apartment buildings, the idea caught on. It met the needs of a large and growing population that wanted something better than tenements but could not afford or did not want row houses.

In the closing decades of the nineteenth century, large apartment houses began dotting the developed portions of New York City, and by the opening decades of the twentieth century, spacious buildings, such as the Dakota and the Ansonia finally transcended the tight confinement of row house building lots. From there it was only a small step to building luxury apartment houses on the newly created Park Avenue, right next to the fashionable Fifth Avenue shopping area.

The new housing form discussed in the passage refers to A single-family homes B apartment buildings C row houses D hotels Why was the Stuyvesant a limited success? A The arrangement of the rooms was not convenient. B Most people could not afford to live there.

C There were no shopping areas nearby. D It was in a crowded neighborhood. A open B encouraging C attractive D asking A Large families needed housing with sufficient space. B Apartments were preferable to tenements and cheaper than row houses C The city officials of New York wanted housing that was centrally located.

D The shape of early apartments could accommodate a variety of interior designs. The author mentions the Dakota and the Ansonia in line 24 because B It was rectangular.

C It was spacious inside. D It had limited light. Question 41 — 50 Line 5 10 15 20 A snowfall consists of myriads of minute ice crystals that fall to the ground in the form of frozen precipitation. The formation of snow begins with these ice crystals in the subfreezing strata of the middle and upper atmosphere when there is an adequate supply of moisture present. At the core of every ice crystal is a minuscule nucleus, a solid particle of matter around which moisture condenses and freezes.

Liquid water droplets floating in the supercooled atmosphere and free ice crystals cannot coexist within the same cloud, since the vapor pressure of ice is less than that of water. This enables the ice crystals to rob the liquid droplets of their moisture and grow continuously. The process can be very rapid, quickly creating sizable ice crystals, some of which adhere to each other to create a cluster of ice crystals or a snowflake.

Simple flakes possess a variety of beautiful forms, usually hexagonal, though the symmetrical shapes reproduced in most microscope photography of snowflakes are not usually found in actual snowfalls. Typically, snowflakes in actual snowfall consists of broken fragments and clusters of adhering ice crystals. For a snowfall to continue once it starts, there must be a constant inflow of moisture to supply the nuclei. This moisture is supplied by the passage of an airstream over a water surface and its subsequent lifting to higher regions of the atmosphere.

The Pacific Ocean is the source of moisture for most snowfalls west of the Rocky Mountains, while the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean feed water vapor into the air currents over the central and eastern sections of the United States. Other geographical features also can be the source of moisture for some snowstorms. For example, areas adjacent to the Great Lakes experience their own unique lake-effect storms, employing a variation of the process on a local scale.

In addition, mountainous section or rising terrain can initiate snowfalls by the geographical lifting of a moist airstream. Which of the following questions does the author answer in the first paragraph?

A Why are snowflakes hexagonal? B What is the optimum temperature for snow? C In which months does most snow fall? D How are snowflakes formed? What is at the center of an ice crystal? What is the main topic of the second paragraph? A How ice crystals form B How moisture affects temperature C What happens when ice crystals melt D Where the moisture to supply the nuclei comes from How do lake-effect snowstorms form? A Water temperature drop below freezing.

B Moisture rises from a lake into the airstream. C Large quantities of wet air come off a nearby mountain. D Millions of ice crystals form on the surface of a large lake. Which of the following could account for the lack of snowfall in a geographical location close to mountains and a major water source?

A Ground temperatures below the freezing point B Too much moisture in the air C Too much wind off the mountains D Atmospheric temperatures above the freezing point. What is necessary for a snowfall to persist? A He wants to know which scarf the woman chose. B He wants to know what color the jacket is. C He thinks he selected a nice scarf. D He thinks any color would go well with the jacket. A Bob has been married for a long time.

B The woman should go to California. C He plans to go to the wedding. D He hasn't been to California for a long time. A He wants a glass of water. B He won't do as the woman asks.

C He can't wait any longer. D He's looking for the waiter. A It's just past ten o'clock. B There's no time to talk. C She needs a little more time. D She has more than ten cents. A She appreciates the man's help.

B Her presentation was somewhat long. C She needed more time to prepare. D She worked hard on her presentation. A She wants to exercise before she runs. B It's too hot to go running. C Her jogging suit isn't warm enough. D She already went jogging.

A To tell him they are busy. B To cancel an appointment. C To invite him to go to a film. D To ask him a question about homework. A Keep looking for his wallet. B Report the theft of the wallet right away. C Put his wallet in his jacket pocket. D Be more careful with his wallet. A She is on a special diet. B She doesn't like to walk to the cafeteria. Hope you're feeling better now. So, you said. Sounds a little strange. The octopus and the squid descended from earlier creatures with shells.

They survived by shedding their shells — somewhere between and million years ago. That's what she said though. To be precise: Can you imagine something that big if it still had a shell? But some are really huge. I've read about fishermen that caught squid that weighed over a ton. Did she talk about how that happens? But she did mention some unusual cases. In in New Zealand they caught a squid Its eyes were eighteen inches across.

Can you imagine? Simpson thinks there are probably even larger ones that haven't been found because squid are intelligent and fast — so they can easily get away from humans. Maybe some of those monster stories are true. What topic are the man and woman discussing?

Why docs the man need to talk to the woman about the class? According to the woman what happened to million years ago? What does the woman imply about sea monsters? Listen to a talk given by the dean of the School of Education.

We encourage all students to volunteer for at least one community activity before they graduate. A new community program called "One On One" helps elementary students who've fallen behind. You education majors might be especially interested in it because it offers the opportunity to do some teaching — that is, tutoring in math and English.

You'd have to volunteer two hours a week for one semester. You can choose to help a child with math, English, or both. Half-hour lessons are fine, so you could do a half hour of each subject two days a week. Professor Dodge will act as a mentor lo the tutors — he'll be available to help you with lesson plans or to offer suggestions for activities. He has office hours every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon. You can sign up for the program with him and begin the tutoring next week.

I'm sure you'll enjoy this community service… and you'll gain valuable experience at the same time. It looks good on your resume, too—showing that you've had experience with children and that you care about your community. If you'd like to sign up, or if you have any questions, stop by Professor Dodge's office this week. What is the purpose of the talk? What is the purpose of the program the dean describes?

What does Professor Dodge do? What should students interested in the tutorials do? Questions 43 through Listen to an instructor in a business class. But, before we start.

I'd like to mention a few things your text doesn't go into. It's interesting to note that insurance has existed in some form for a very long time. The earliest insurance policies were what were called bottomry contracts. They provided shipping protection for merchants as far back as B. In general, the contracts were often no more than verbal agreements. They granted loans to merchants with the understanding that if a particular shipment of goods was lost at sea, the loan didn't have to be repaid.

Interest on the loans varied according to how risky it was to transport the goods. During periods of heavy piracy at sea, for example, the amount of interest and the cost of the policy went up considerably.

So, you can see how insurance helped encourage international trade.

Even the most cautious merchants became willing to risk shipping their goods over long distances — not to mention in hazardous weather conditions — when they had this kind of protection available.

Generally speaking, the basic form of an insurance policy has been pretty much the same since the Middle Ages. There are four points that were salient then and remain paramount in all policies today. These were outlined in chapter six and will serve as the basis for the rest of today's discussion. Can anyone tell me what one of those points might be?

What is the purpose of the instructor's talk? Who were the first insurance contracts designed to protect? What does the instructor say determined the cost of early insurance policies? What does the instructor say about current insurance policies? Questions 47 through Listen to a talk on the radio about a research project. For four years Newman observed scuba divers as they simulated walking on the Moon and on Mars on her underwater moving belt.

She wanted to discover how the gravity of the Moon and of Mars would affect human movement. To do this, Newman attached weights to the divers and then lowered them into the lank and onto the treadmill. These weights were carefully adjusted so that the divers could experience the underwater gravity of the Moon and of Mars as they walked on the treadmill.

Newman concluded that walking on Mars will probably be easier than walking on the Moon. The Moon has less gravity than Mars does, so at lunar gravity, the divers struggled to keep their balance and walked awkwardly. But at Martian gravity, the divers had greater traction and stability and could easily adjust to a pace of 1. As Newman gradually increased the speed of the treadmill, the divers took longer, graceful strides until they comfortably settled into an even quicker pace.

Newman also noted that at Martian gravity, the divers needed less oxygen. The data Newman collected will help in the future design of Martian space suits. Compared to lunar space suits, Martian space suits will require smaller air tanks; and to allow for freer movement, the elbow and knee areas of the space suits will also be altered.

What did Newman change so that the divers could experience different gravity levels? Why will Martian space suits be designed differently from lunar space suits? What happened to the divers at Martian gravity when the speed of the treadmill was increased? What is one way that the design of Martian space suits will differ from lunar space suits? Practice Test A - Structure 5. Flag Day is a legal holiday only in 1. Although thunder and lightening are 6.

A form biological species B biological species are formed A the most are important C which forming biological species B are the most important D the formation of biological C the most important are species D that are the most important 8. In its pure state antimony has no 4. Beginning in the Middle Ages, composers of Western music used a Franklin D. A will B that A as the first President he C and when to understood fully D so they could B the first President that, to fully understand C the first President fully The firstly naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought off the coast of Machias, Maine, in June The public ceremonies of the Plains Indians are lesser elaborate than those of the Navajo in the Southwest.

In some species of fish, such the three-spined stickleback, the male, not the female, performs the task of caring for the young. When she retires in September , tennis champion Christine Evert was the most famous woman athlete in the United States. The ancient Romans used vessels equipped with sails and banks of oars to transporting their armies. Dinosaurs are traditionally classified as cold-blooded reptiles, but recent evidence based on eating habits, posture, and skeletal structural suggests some may have been warm-blooded.

Zoos in New Orleans, San Diego, Detroit, and the Bronx have become biological parks where animals roams free and people watch from across a moat.

In human beings, as in other mammals, hairs around the eyes are ears and in the nose prevent dust, insects, and other matter from entering these organs. The works of the author Herman Melville are literary creations of a high order, blending fact, fiction, adventure, and subtle symbolic. Each chemical element is characterized to the number of protons that an atom of that element contains, called its atomic number.

The body structure that developed in birds over millions of years is well designed for flight, being both lightly in weight and remarkably strong.

From to , American novelist Edith Wharton was at the height of her writing career, publishing of her three most famous novels. In the early twentieth century, there was considerable interesting among sociologists in the fact that in the United States the family was losing its traditional roles.

Although pure diamond is colorless and transparent, when contaminated with other material it may appear in various color, ranging from pastels to opaque black. Comparative anatomy is concerned to the structural differences among animal forms. A seismograph records oscillation of the ground caused by seismic waves, vibrations that travel from its point of origin through the Earth or along its surface.

Located in Canada, the Columbia Icefield covers area of square miles and is 3, feet thick in some places. Because of its vast tracts of virtually uninhabited northern forest, Canada has one of the lowest population density in the world. The very tools that the first New England furniture Line makers used were, after all, not much different from those used for centuries — even 5 millennia: These were the tools used more or less by all people who worked with wood: At most the furniture makers might have had planes with special edges or more delicate chisels, but there could not have been much specialization in the early years of the colonies.

This kind of construction was used for making everything from houses to chests. Relatively little hardware was used during this period. Some nails — forged by 20 hand — were used, but no screws or glue. Hinges were often made of leather, but metal hinges were also used. The cruder varieties were made by blacksmiths in the colonies, but the finer metal elements were imported. Locks and escutcheon plates — the latter to shield the wood from the metal key — would often be imported.

Above all, what the early English colonists imported was their knowledge of, 25 familiarity with, and dedication to the traditional types and designs of furniture they knew in England. The relationship of a mortise and a 7. For what purpose did woodworkers 8. The author implies that the colonial 5. Which of the following were NOT used joiners in the construction of colonial furniture?

The author implies that colonial Which of the following terms does the metalworkers were author explain in the passage? The establishment of these posts opened new roads and provided for the protection of daring adventurers and expeditions as well as Line established settlers.

Forts also served as bases where enterprising entrepreneurs could 5 bring commerce to the West, providing supplies and refreshments to soldiers as well as to pioneers.

Posts like Fort Laramie provided supplies for wagon trains traveling the natural highways toward new frontiers. Some posts became stations for the pony express; still others, such as Fort Davis, were stagecoach stops for weary travelers. All of these functions, of course, suggest that the contributions of the forts to the 10 civilization and development of the West extended beyond patrol duty. Through the establishment of military posts, yet other contributions were made to the development of western culture.

Many posts maintained libraries or reading rooms, and some — for example, Fort Davis — had schools. Post chapels provided a setting for religious services and weddings. Throughout the wilderness, post bands provided 15 entertainment and boosted morale. During the last part of the nineteenth century, to reduce expenses, gardening was encouraged at the forts, thus making experimental agriculture another activity of the military.

The military stationed at the various forts also played a role in civilian life by assisting in maintaining order, and civilian officials often called on the army for protection. From the earliest colonial times throughout the nineteenth century, disease ranked as the foremost problem in defense. It slowed construction of forts and inhibited their military functions.

Official documents from many regions 25 contained innumerable reports of sickness that virtually incapacitated entire garrisons. In response to the problems, detailed observations of architecture and climate and their relationships to the frequency of the occurrence of various diseases were recorded at various posts across the nation by military surgeons.

Which of the following statements best A lost A By the nineteenth century, forts B bold were no longer used by the C lively military. D foolish B Surgeons at forts could not prevent outbreaks of disease. C Forts were important to the development of the American West D Life in nineteenth-century forts was very rough. Which of the following would a How did the military assists in the A influenced investigation of health problems? B established C raised A By registering annual birth and D maintained death rates B By experiments with different building materials Which of the following is the most C By maintaining records of likely inference about the decision to diseases and potential causes promote gardening at forts?

TOEFL Test preparation kit workbook

The author organizes the discussion B Food brought in from outside of forts by was often spoiled C Gardening was a way to occupy A describing their locations otherwise idle soldiers.

B comparing their sizes D The soil near the forts was very C explaining their damage to the fertile. The implication is that bone, 5 and other tissues, have somehow been turned into stone, and this is certainly the explanation given in some texts.

But it is wrong interpretation; fossils are frequently so dense because the pores and other spaces in the bone have become filled with minerals taken up from the surrounding sediments. Some fossil bones have all the interstitial spaces filled with foreign minerals, including the marrow cavity, if there is 10 one, while others have taken up but little from their surroundings. Probably all of the minerals deposited within the bone have been recrystallized from solution by the action of water percolating thru them.

The degree of mineralization appears to be determined by the nature of the environment in which the bone was deposited and not by the antiquity of the bone. For example, the black fossil bones that are so common in many 15 parts of Florida are heavily mineralized, but they are only about 20, years old, whereas many of the dinosaur bones from western Canada, which are about 75 million years old, are only partially filled in.

Under optimum conditions the process of mineralization probably takes thousands rather than millions of years, perhaps considerably less. We are therefore usually able to see the microscopic structures of the bone, including such fine details as the lacunae where the living bone cells once resided.

The natural bone mineral, the hydroxyapatite, is virtually unaltered too — it has the same crystal structure as that of modern bone. What does the passage mainly Why is fossilized bone heavier than Why does the author compare fossils ordinary bone? A Bone tissue solidifies with age. C To suggest that fossils found in both places were the same age. D To explain why scientists are What can be inferred about a fossil D modern bone with a high degree of mineralization?

A It was exposed to large amounts C moist C Many colorful crystals can be D apparent found in such a fossil. D It was discovered in western Canada. Which of the following does NOT survive in fossils?

Which of the following factors is most A Noncollagen proteins important in determining the extent of B Hydroxyapatite mineralization in fossil bones? Each man had lived in Paris, and each understood the economics and social potential of this Parisian housing form. But the Stuyvesant was at best a limited success. Those who could afford them were quite content to remain in the more sumptuous, single-family homes, leaving the Stuyvesant to young married couples 10 and bachelors.

That lot was a rectangular area 25 feet wide by feet deep — a shape perfectly suited for a row house. The lot could also accommodate a 15 rectangular tenement, though it could not yield the square, well-lighted, and logically arranged rooms that great apartment buildings require.

But even with the awkward interior configurations of the early apartment buildings, the idea caught on. It met the needs of a large and growing population that wanted something better than tenements but could not afford or did not want row houses.

In the closing decades of the nineteenth century, large apartment houses began dotting the developed portions of New York City, and by the opening decades of the twentieth century, spacious buildings, such as the Dakota and the Ansonia 25 finally transcended the tight confinement of row house building lots.

From there it was only a small step to building luxury apartment houses on the newly created Park Avenue, right next to the fashionable Fifth Avenue shopping area. The new housing form discussed in Why was the Stuyvesant a limited the passage refers to success?

A single-family homes A The arrangement of the rooms B apartment buildings was not convenient. C row houses B Most people could not afford to D hotels live there.

C There were no shopping areas nearby. It can be inferred that the majority of A highly educated A Large families needed housing B unemployed with sufficient space. The author mentions the Dakota and the Ansonia in line 24 because A they are examples of large, well- designed apartment buildings B their design is similar to that of row houses C they were built on a single building A Its room arrangement was not logical.

B It was rectangular. C It was spacious inside. D It had limited light. Question 41 — 50 A snowfall consists of myriads of minute ice crystals that fall to the ground in the form of frozen precipitation. The formation of snow begins with these ice crystals in the subfreezing strata of the middle and upper atmosphere when there is an adequate Line supply of moisture present. At the core of every ice crystal is a minuscule nucleus, a 5 solid particle of matter around which moisture condenses and freezes.

Liquid water droplets floating in the supercooled atmosphere and free ice crystals cannot coexist within the same cloud, since the vapor pressure of ice is less than that of water.

This enables the ice crystals to rob the liquid droplets of their moisture and grow continuously. The process can be very rapid, quickly creating sizable ice crystals, some of which 10 adhere to each other to create a cluster of ice crystals or a snowflake. Simple flakes possess a variety of beautiful forms, usually hexagonal, though the symmetrical shapes reproduced in most microscope photography of snowflakes are not usually found in actual snowfalls. Typically, snowflakes in actual snowfall consists of broken fragments and clusters of adhering ice crystals.

This moisture is supplied by the passage of an airstream over a water surface and its subsequent lifting to higher regions of the atmosphere. The Pacific Ocean is the source of moisture for most snowfalls west of the Rocky Mountains, while the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean feed water vapor into the air currents over 20 the central and eastern sections of the United States.

Other geographical features also can be the source of moisture for some snowstorms. For example, areas adjacent to the Great Lakes experience their own unique lake-effect storms, employing a variation of the process on a local scale. In addition, mountainous section or rising terrain can initiate snowfalls by the geographical lifting of a moist airstream.

Which of the following questions does A tiny A Why are snowflakes hexagonal? B quick B What is the optimum temperature C clear for snow? D sharp C In which months does most snow fall? D How are snowflakes formed? What is at the center of an ice crystal?

How do lake-effect snowstorms form? C Large quantities of wet air come off a nearby mountain. A belong B relate What is the main topic of the second C increase paragraph? D begin A How ice crystals form B How moisture affects temperature Which of the following could account C What happens when ice crystals for the lack of snowfall in a melt geographical location close to D Where the moisture to supply the mountains and a major water source?

C cluster D moisture What is necessary for a snowfall to persist? A He wants to know which scarf the woman A She wants to exercise before she runs. B It's too hot to go running. B He wants to know what color the jacket is. C Her jogging suit isn't warm enough. C He thinks he selected a nice scarf. D She already went jogging. D He thinks any color would go well with the jacket.

A To tell him they are busy. B To cancel an appointment. A Bob has been married for a long time. C To invite him to go to a film. B The woman should go to California. D To ask him a question about homework.

C He plans to go to the wedding. D He hasn't been to California for a long time. A Keep looking for his wallet. B Report the theft of the wallet right away. C Put his wallet in his jacket pocket. D Be more careful with his wallet. A He wants a glass of water. B He won't do as the woman asks. C He can't wait any longer. D He's looking for the waiter. A She is on a special diet. B She doesn't like to walk to the cafeteria. C She thinks the cafeteria is too expensive.

A It's just past ten o'clock. D She doesn't eat lunch anymore. B There's no time to talk. C She needs a little more time. D She has more than ten cents. A The man should look into downloading a new 5. B The car looks better than it used to. A She appreciates the man's help. C The man should fly to Florida.

B Her presentation was somewhat long. D The man should get his car checked. C She needed more time to prepare. D She worked hard on her presentation. A Tickets are available for future A His vacation has been postponed. B He needs to take his medicine with him B The performance has been canceled. C She wants to see the show tomorrow. C He is going to change his allergy D The performance has already started. D His allergies no longer bother him. A What is causing the problem.

B When the faucet started leaking. A She might be late for her chemistry class. C How old the faucet is. B She'll borrow a bike after class.

D How to deal with the problem. C She might be delayed in lab. D She might ride her bike to the lab. A In a locker room. B In a department store.

C In a shoe-repair shop. A Laurie doesn't have much musical talent. D At a track. B Laurie taught herself to play the guitar. C Laurie wants to play music with other people. D Laurie has a summer job playing guitar. A It fell out of the camera. B Mary developed it in photography class. C Susan took it to be developed. D The man gave it to Susan. A Get a job on campus. B Take an electronics course.

C Visit the electronics company. D Apply for a job with the electronics company. A He got out of the shower to answer the phone. B He didn't hear the phone ringing. C There's something wrong with the shower. D He took a shower earlier than usual.

A He no longer watches much television. B He prefers the comedies from the sixties. C Television comedies haven't improved since the sixties. D He hasn't seen many of the old shows. A The woman is satisfied that the book has A He doesn't expect to enjoy the theater. B He's sorry he can't go with the woman. B The woman doesn't lend books to people. C He thinks the theater will be too crowded. C The man is too embarrassed to borrow a D He rarely goes to plays.

D The man can't find the book he borrowed from the woman. A He'll see the exhibit after June. B He visited the new student several times. C He wants to exhibit his work at the A He's never been to a debate. Student Center. B He thinks the team was eliminated. D He can see the exhibit before it closes. C He can't go to the state competition, D He doesn't know if the team was successful.

A She is going to miss her first class. B She prefers going to the dentist later in the day. A Ask the professor if the course will be C The man will be finished before his first given again.

B Postpone taking the course. D The man might sleep late and miss his C Request permission to take the courses appointment. A Put some money in her wallet. B download a band-concert ticket. A She also needs a new tennis racket. C Make a donation. B She wants to borrow some money, too. D Lend the man some money. C She doesn't think Brian will repay the loan. D She couldn't get Brian to play tennis.

A Their friends would take them to the B They wouldn't mind taking the bus. A His violin is out of tune now. C Someone would drive them home. B He probably lost some of his skill on the D They wouldn't be able to find a phone.

C He has worked as a violinist for a long time. D He's too old to begin studying the violin. A Relaxing at the seashore. A More buffalo are surviving the winter. B Visiting her parents. B Fewer buffalo are dying of disease. C Sailing on a boat. C More buffalo are being born. D Preparing for a race. D Fewer buffalo are being killed by hunters.

A She was invited only for the weekend. A She is from Wyoming. B The weather was too hot. B She needs the money. C She had an appointment. C She has been studying animal diseases. D She had schoolwork to do.

D Her thesis adviser is heading the project. A She had to go home. A Collecting information about the bacteria. B She was too tired to continue. B Working on a cattle ranch.

C She had to finish her schoolwork. C Writing a paper about extinct animals. D She was thirsty. D Analyzing buffalo behavior. A She doesn't know how to swim. B The water was too deep. C The water was too cold.

D She didn't have enough time. A A vacation trip to Yellowstone Park. B A lecture by a visiting professor. C Her biology thesis. D A research project. A To inform visitors of the park's history. A The lack of air pressure. B To provide an overview of the park's main B The extremely hot or cold temperatures. C Exposure to radiation. C To show visitors remote places in the D An inadequately ventilated space suit. D To teach visitors how best to photograph wildlife. A On the exterior of the space shuttle.

B In the torso of the space suit. C In the helmet. A It's easy to get lost. B It requires enormous strength. C It's a good group activity. D People shouldn't do it in the winter. A A videotape. B A book. C A picture. A There are fewer tourists. D An oxygen tank. B The entrance fees are lower. C The animals are more active. D There are fewer insects. A Another speaker will describe the helmet. B The woman will talk about the space shuttle. A To show a videotape on survival in outer C Someone from the audience will try on space.

B To gain support for the space program. D The woman will put on a space suit. C To describe her experience oh space missions. D To inform the audience about the space suit. A To describe Twyla Tharp's career. A Jazz. B To introduce a well-known dancer. B Folk.

TOEFL Test Preparation Kit Volume 1 CD1

C To provide background for a video C Classical. D Rock. D To encourage the audience to study dance. A What the pineapple symbolizes.

B Twyla Tharp's career in dance. A The dancers in the video had more C How the video was filmed. B Twyla Tharp was the lead dancer in the video. C The filming techniques made the dance easier to understand. D The new musical score was more appropriate for the topic. This scarf will be perfect with my blue jacket. I put a lot of time into it. I have to warm up first. Before you call the campus security office. I'd like two seats for this evening's show. Would you be interested in something later this week?

What happened? All packed and ready to go? I still have to stop by the drugstore and get my allergy prescription refilled. Want to go for a bike ride after your last class?

My last class is a chem lab, and it often runs late. It seems she just picked it up on her own, over the summer. What day? I'd like to talk to them and drop off my resume. What do you think of those old shows?

But I'm a bit embarrassed I can't seem to find the jacket for it? You're one of the few people who actually returns books to me. Or did they get eliminated? But according to the requirements, I have to have taken the introductory biology course first. All he can do is say no. Will you come with me? Would you like to give? They're stranded at the beach. Looks like you got some sun this weekend. I spent the weekend at the beach. That's great! Where did you stay? So what did you do out there I mean besides lie out in the sun obviously?

You know, I never realized how hard it is to run on sand. I couldn't even get through a whole game before I had to sit down. It's much easier to run in the wet sand near the water. Did you go swimming? I wish I could gel away to the beach like that. Don't tell me you spent the weekend in the library again. How did the woman spend last weekend? Why did the woman come home so soon? Why did the woman have to stop playing in the volleyball game? Why didn't the woman go swimming? Listen to a conversation between a graduate student and her biology professor.

I'd like to talk to you about a research project I thought you might be interested in. A friend of mine is working at Yellowstone National Park this summer I've always wanted to spend some lime out in Wyoming.

She's working with the buffalo population. The herds have been increasing in size lately, which is good in theory More buffalo are surviving the harsh winters because the paths make it easier for the buffalo to move around and find food.

But it turns out that some of the herds are infected with a bacteria. I heard about that. Bru — man Brucella abortus. It's been around for quite a while. And because the buffalo population is increasing, they've been roaming more than usual, and the disease has begun to spread to the cattle ranches that border the park. Isn't that the disease that causes animals to abort their young? Some of the ranchers even want to destroy the buffalo herds. Have they made much progress with the research?

You know I've been researching diseased animal populations I took the liberty of mentioning your name to my friend. She's hoping you'll be able to spend the whole summer out there.

What did the professor want to talk to Ann about? According to the professor; why is the buffalo population increasing? Why does the professor think Ann would be interested in going to Yellowstone?

How will Ann probably spend the summer? Listen to a talk given by a tour guide. The Everglades is a watery plain covered with saw grass that's home to numerous species of plants and wildlife. At one and a half million acres, it's too big to see it all today, but this tour will offer you a good sampling.

Our tour bus will stop first at Taylor Slough. This is a good place to start because it's home to many of the plants and animals typically associated with the Everglades. You'll see many exotic birds and, of course, our world-famous alligators. Don't worry, there's a boardwalk that goes across the marsh so you can look down at the animals in the water from a safe distance.

The boardwalk is high enough to give you a great view of the saw grass prairie. From there we'll head to some other marshy and even jungle-like areas that feature wonderful tropical plant life. For those of you who'd like a closer view of the saw grass prairie, you might consider renting a canoe sometime during your visit here.

However, don't do this unless you have a very good sense of direction and can negotiate your way through tall grass. We'd hate to have to come looking for you.

You have the good fortune of being here in the winter — the best lime of year to visit. During the spring and summer the mosquitoes will just about eat you alive!

Right now they're not so bothersome, but you'll still want to use an insect repellent. What is the main purpose of the tour? What docs the speaker imply about paddling across the water in a canoe? Why is it good to visit the Everglades in the winter? Questions 42 through It's great to see so many of you interested in this series on "Survival in Outer Space. When must or you imagine an astronaut, that's probably the first thing that comes to mind, right?

Well, without space suits, it would not be possible for us to survive in space. For example, outer space is a vacuum — there's no gravity or air pressure; without protection, a body would explode. What's more we'd cook in the sun or freeze in the shade — with temperatures ranging from a toasty degrees above to a cool degrees below zero Fahrenheit.

The space suit that NASA has developed is truly a marvel. This photo enlargement here is a life-size image of an actual space suit worn by astronauts on the last space shuttle mission. This part is the torso — it's made of seven extremely durable layers. This thick insulation protects against temperature extremes and radiation. Next is what they call a "bladder" of oxygen — that's an inflatable sac. Filled with oxygen, to simulate atmospheric pressure.

This bladder presses against the body with the same force as the Earth's atmosphere at sea level. The innermost layers provide liquid cooling and ventilation.

Despite all the layers, the suit is flexible, allowing free movement so we can work. Another really sophisticated part of the space suit is the helmet. I brought one along to show you. Can I have a volunteer come and demonstrate? What is the speaker's main purpose? What would cause an unprotected human body to explode in outer space? Where is the "bladder" of oxygen located? What does the speaker show the audience as she describes the main part of the space suit?

What will probably happen next? This video version of the ballet has been even more successful with audiences than the original theater production — it includes some animation, slow motion, and stop-action freezes that really help the audience understand the dance. The title of the piece refers to Saint Catherine, who died on a wheel in A.

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Nowadays, a Catherine wheel is also a kind of firework — it looks something like a pinwheel.Suddenly all 10 kinds of food could be preserved and bought at all times of the year. Wait till you hear what the project is That's what she said though. What does the instructor say determined the cost of early insurance policies?

The central symbol of the work is a pineapple B The evolution of certain forms of sea life. You have the good fortune of being here in the winter — the best lime of year to visit.