THERMODYNAMICS CENGEL 8TH PDF

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Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach 8th edition Textbook. Ahmed M. Karim the 'Download' button above. READ PAPER. Download pdf. ×Close. Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach Yunus A. Cengel Michael A. Boles. Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics Temperature Scales . Thermodynamics an engineering approach 8th edition solutions manual. Pages: .. Rating. Year. Termodinamica Yunus A Cengel A Boles 6ª edição pdf.


Thermodynamics Cengel 8th Pdf

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Thermodynamics Engineering Approach 8th edition PDF with Solution Manual thermodynamics cengel Download solution Manual as bellow.. Download. Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics PDF files by chapter, all text chapters and appendices as downloadable PDF. Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach. Yunus A. Cengel & Michael A. Boles. 7 th. Edition, McGraw-Hill Companies,. ISBN, Page 8.

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Analysis The total mechanical energy water in a reservoir m possesses is equivalent to the potential energy of water at the free surface, and it can be converted to work entirely. Therefore, the power potential of water is its potential energy, which is gz per unit mass, and mgz for a given mass flow rate. Discussion This problem can also be solved by considering a point at the turbine inlet, and using flow energy instead of potential energy.

It would give the same result since the flow energy at the turbine inlet is equal to the potential energy at the free surface of the reservoir. The mechanical energy of air per unit mass and the power generation potential are to be determined.

Assumptions The wind is blowing steadily at a constant uniform velocity. Discussion The power generation of a wind turbine is proportional to the cube of the wind velocity, and thus the power generation will change strongly with the wind conditions.

The power generation potential of this system is to be determined. Assumptions Water jet flows steadily at the specified speed and flow rate. Analysis Kinetic energy is the only form of harvestable mechanical energy the water jet possesses, and it can be converted to work entirely. The site better suited for wind power generation is to be determined. Assumptions 1The wind is blowing steadily at specified velocity during specified times. Analysis Kinetic energy is the only form of mechanical energy the wind possesses, and it can be converted to work entirely.

Discussion Note the power generation of a wind turbine is proportional to the cube of the wind velocity, and thus the average wind velocity is the primary consideration in wind power generation decisions. For a specified water height, the power generation potential is to be determined. Assumptions 1 The elevation given is the elevation of the free surface of the river. River Analysis The total mechanical energy the water in a dam possesses isequivalent to the potential energy of water at the free surface of the 80 mdam relative to free surface of discharge water , and it can be converted to work entirely.

Discussion Note that the power output of an actual turbine will be less than MW because of losses and inefficiencies. The total mechanical energy of the river water per unit mass, and the power generation potential of the entire river are to be determined.

Discussion Note that the kinetic energy of water is negligible compared to the potential energy, and it can be ignored in the analysis. Also, the power output of an actual turbine will be less than MW because of losses and inefficiencies. No work interaction occurs in the radiator.

No work is produced since there is no motion of the forces acting at the interface between the tire and road. Presuming that the tires are hotter than the road, the heat transfer is from the tires to the road. There is no work exchange associated with the road since it cannot move. Work is being done on the air as it passes over and through the car.

Heat is also being added to the contents from the room air since the room air is hotter than the contents. There is a transfer of heat from the room air to the refrigerator through its walls.

There is also a transfer of heat from the hot portions of the refrigerator i. Finally, electrical work is being added to the refrigerator through the refrigeration system. Electrical work is being done on the room through the electrical wiring leading into the room.

This is simply the conversion of one form of internal energy chemical energy to another form sensible energy. The amount of work is to be determined considering a the beam and b the crane as the system.

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The work needed to move along this ramp is to be determined considering a the man and b the cart and its contents as the system. The work needed to achieve this is to be determined. The torque transmitted through the shaft is to be determined. The work done is to be determined. The power required to operate and also to accelerate this ski lift from rest to the operating speed are to be determined.

Assumptions 1 Air drag and friction are negligible. Analysis The lift is m long and the chairs are spaced 20 m apart. The power needed is to be determined for three different cases. Assumptions Air drag, friction, and rolling resistance are negligible. Analysis The total power required for each case is the sum of the rates of changes in potential and kinetic energies. Because energy is added to the room air in the form of electrical work.

The energy of the water at the end of the process is to be determined. Assumptions The pan is stationary and thus the changes in kinetic and potential energies are negligible.

Analysis We take the water in the pan as our system.

This is a closed system since no mass enters or leaves. The change in the energy of the water during this process is to be determined.

Analysis We take the water in the cylinder as the system. For a specified rate of heat loss, the required rated power of resistance heaters is to be determined. Assumptions 1 The house is well-sealed, so no air enters or heaves the house. But when the energy supplied drops below the heat loss, the house temperature starts dropping. The power input is to be determined.

The validity of this claim is to be investigated. Assumptions 1 The water pump operates steadily.

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Therefore, the claim is false. Discussion The conservation of energy principle requires the energy to be conserved as it is converted from one form to another, and it does not allow any energy to be created or destroyed during a process.

In reality, the power required will be considerably higher than The cooling load is due to people, lights, and heat transfer through the walls and the windows. The number of 5-kW window air conditioning units required is to be determined. Assumptions There are no heat dissipating equipment such as computers, TVs, or ranges in the room.

The amounts of electricity and money the campus will save per year if the lights are turned off during unoccupied periods are to be determined. The amount of energy and money that will be saved a year as well as the simple payback period are to be determined. The rate of increase of the energy content of the room when all of these electric devices are on is to be determined.

Assumptions 1 The room is well sealed, and heat loss from the room is negligible. Therefore, the rate of energy transfer to the room, in general, will be less.

The minimum electric power that must be supplied to the fan motor is to be determined. Assumptions 1 The fan operates steadily. Analysis A fan motor converts electrical energy to mechanical shaft energy, and the fan transmits the mechanical energy of the shaft shaft power to mechanical energy of air kinetic energy.

In reality, the power required will be considerably higher because of the losses associated with the conversion of electrical-to-mechanical shaft and mechanical shaft-to-kinetic energy of air. For a specified pressure rise, the highest possible average flow velocity is to be determined.

In reality, the velocity will be less because of the losses associated with the conversion of electrical-to-mechanical shaft and mechanical shaft-to-flow energy. The maximum volume flow rate of gasoline is to be determined. Assumptions 1 The gasoline pump operates steadily.

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In reality, the volume flow rate will be less because of the losses associated with the conversion of electrical-to-mechanical shaft and mechanical shaft-to-flow energy. The minimum power required to drive this escalator is to be determined. The additional power needed to achieve this acceleration is to be determined.

Assumptions 1 The additional air drag, friction, and rolling resistance are not considered. Therefore, the short acceleration times are indicative of powerful engines. Analysis The efficiency of the electric heater is given to be 73 percent.

The amount of electrical energy and money savings as a result of installing the high efficiency motor instead of the standard one as well as the simple payback period are to be determined.

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Assumptions The load factor of the motor remains constant at 0. The rate at which the motor dissipates heat to the room it is in when operating at full load and if this heat dissipation is adequate to heat the room in winter are to be determined. Assumptions The motor operates at full load. Analysis The motor efficiency represents the fraction of electrical energy consumed by the motor that is converted to mechanical work.

The remaining part of electrical energy is converted to thermal energy and is dissipated as heat. Therefore, the heat dissipated by the motor alone is sufficient to heat the room in winter, and there is no need to turn the heater on.

Discussion Note that the heat generated by electric motors is significant, and it should be considered in the determination of heating and cooling loads.

The annual energy and cost savings as a result of tuning up the boiler are to be determined. Assumptions The boiler operates at full load while operating.

The implementation cost of this measure is negligible if the adjustment can be made by in-house personnel. Otherwise it is worthwhile to have an authorized representative of the boiler manufacturer to service the boiler twice a year.

The effects of the unit cost of energy and combustion efficiency on the annual energy used and the cost savings as the efficiency varies from 0. Analysis The problem is solved using EES, and the solution is given below. For a given pump efficiency, the required power input to the pump is to be determined.

Assumptions 1 The pump operates steadily. Analysis The elevation of geothermal water and thus its potential energy m changes, but it experiences no changes in its velocity and pressure. Therefore, the change in the total mechanical energy of geothermal water is equal to the 1 change in its potential energy, which is gz per unit mass, and mgz for a given mass flow rate. The rate of heat gain from people and the equipment is to be determined. Assumptions The average rate of heat dissipated by people in an exercise room is W.

Analysis The 6 weight lifting machines do not have any motors, and thus they do not contribute to the internal heat gain directly. The usage factors of the motors of the treadmills are taken to be unity since they are used constantly during peak periods. The contribution of the fan-motor assembly to the cooling load of the room is to be determined.

Analysis The entire electrical energy consumed by the motor, including the shaft power delivered to the fan, is eventually dissipated as heat. The overall efficiency, the turbine efficiency, and the shaft power are to be determined.

Assumptions 1 The elevation of the lake and that of the discharge site remains constant. Analysis a We take the bottom of the lake as the reference level for convenience.

The maximum flow rate of water is to be determined. Assumptions 1 The flow is steady and incompressible. Therefore, the change in the total mechanical energy of water is equal to the change in its potential energy, which is gz per unit mass, and mgz for a given mass flow rate. In an actual system, the flow rate of water will be less because of friction in pipes. The mechanical energy of air per unit mass, the power generation potential, and the actual electric power generation are to be determined.

Assumptions 1 The wind is blowing steadily at a constant uniform velocity. The overall efficiency of the pump-motor unit and the pressure difference between the inlet and the exit of the pump are to be determined. Assumptions 1 The elevations of the tank and the lake remain constant. Analysis a We take the free surface of the lake to be point 1 2 and the free surfaces of the storage tank to be point 2.

The change in the mechanical energy of water as it flows through the pump consists of the change in the flow energy only since the elevation difference across the pump and the change in the kinetic energy are negligible.

Also, this change must be equal to the useful mechanical energy supplied by the pump, which is Discussion Note that only two-thirds of the electric energy consumed by the pump-motor is converted to the mechanical energy of water; the remaining one-third is wasted because of the inefficiencies of the pump and the motor. The electric power generation, the daily electricity production, and the monetary value of this electricity are to be determined.

The electric power output of this turbine is to be determined. Analysis The total mechanical energy the water in a reservoir possesses is equivalent to the potential energy of water at the free surface, and it can be converted to work entirely. Therefore, the 85 m power potential of water is its potential energy, which is gz per Eff.

The mechanical efficiency of the pump is to be determined. Then the mechanical efficiency of the pump becomes 4.The surface temperature of the spacecraft is to be determined when steady conditions are reached.. A Air Area, A1 Analysis It is clear from the problem statement and the figure that the brine pressure is much higher than the air pressure, and when the air pressure drops by 0.

Assumptions The pan is stationary and thus the changes in kinetic and potential energies are negligible. Chegg Solution Manuals are written by vetted Chegg Thermodynamics experts, and rated by students - so you know you're getting high quality answers.

Properties The amount of NOx produced is 7.